African nationalism or nationalist movement developed as a reaction to years of oppression by the whites in the name of white supremacy. Whether white supremacy existed or how brutal its effects had been is out of the scope of our discussion on this paper, however we shall examine the perceived effects of oppression and subjugation faced by Africans during colonial domination. Remaining objective on such an issue is not always possible, however for the sake of objectivity; we are using the term perceived. This is to show that while it is true that Africans remained in the shadows for centuries and were unable to make progress like white people did, still we are not fully aware of all the factors that played a part in their lack of progress. Blaming the whites alone may not be the right approach; however it is true that most African nationalists believed it was due to white people and their utter neglect and rejection of other races that caused Africans o lag far behind the rest of the world. Fanon Frantz was one such nationalist, who in his famous book, the Wretched of the Earth wrote:
"Let us try to create the whole man, whom Europe has been incapable of bringing to triumphant birth. Two centuries ago, a former European colony decided to catch up with Europe. It succeeded so well that the United States of America became a monster, in which the taints, the sickness and the inhumanity of Europe have grown to appalling dimensions ... It is a question of the Third World starting a new history of Man."
White supremacy has often been attacked for its role in destroying many cultures around the world including the Sub-continent, south-Asian, African, etc. However no where the destruction has been as brutal and as vehement as in Africa and it took decades to get rid of its deep rooted psychological effects. For centuries, Africa remained the most neglected part of the world and coupled with factors like poor education, low self-esteem and generally corrupted rulers, Africa found it extremely difficult to break through the shackles of colonialism. It was thus immensely important to instill in Africans a sense of self and a sense of nationalism so strong that it would completely wipe off the ill effects of white domination. Writers, nationalists, politicians and well respected celebrities all played a huge role in waking up a nation that had hitherto been unaware of its own power to do something about its lot in life.
Fanon believed like many other nationalists today that colonialism had damaging effect on the psyche of occupied natives. It did not enslave their bodies, it enslaves their minds and that was far more harmful than physical imprisonment. This was because through systematic introduction, influx and domination of foreign values and a more powerful culture, locals were made to believe in the inferiority of their own cultures. African people were not alone in suffering these ill effects of white domination, most other nations under occupation faced the same hardships but since Africa was largely backward and education took a very long time to enter this continent, it became far more difficult for Africans to come out of the dark shadows of their past.
For this reason, Fanon and…