Fighting wrinkles is a major concern for many people. Alpha hydroxy acids (AHA) promise to "reduce fine lines and regain a smoother, younger complexion, however they can be hard on the skin (unknown, 2002)." In contrast, amphoteric hydroxy complexes (AHC) promise the same effect, but without the "common side effects, such as stinging, irritation, and redness. AHCs are actually AHAs combined with an amino acid that slows the release of the active ingredients into the skin, making them less likely to irritate (unknown, 2002)."
The most common injectable substances in use today are "Botox ® (70%) and collagen (22%). The FDA is considering the use of two new non-surgical wrinkle fighters, Restylane and Hylaform, which are hyaluronic acid-based soft tissue fillers that have been approved in Canada and Europe (unknown, 2003)."
There are a number of risks currently involved in injectables. These risks include "an imperfect outcome, allergic reaction, misplaced injection and an equal division between over- and under-injection. Dermatologists predict in the future injectables will be made to last longer, be safer and deliver better results (unknown, 2003)."
Deep wrinkles are treated with heavy "glycolic acid peels, which are about 70% glycolic acid. These actually result in a superficial second-degree burn, making the skin peel, stimulating new vascularization and stimulating some collagen development (Hilton, 2001)."
As the general population of the world ages, consumers continue to look for anti-aging skincare products.
New products are being introduced and "better ingredients are being added to just about all products that fall under the facial tare category - facial cleansers, moisturizers, toners, exfoliants and masks for oily, dry, normal and combination skin (Facenda)."
Some of the new over-the-counter products recently introduced include "Olay's Total Effects line with the introduction of Total Effects 7X, an upgraded formulation to the original moisturizer line that features seven vitamins and minerals; Regenerist, a moisturizer that uses penta-peptides (a group of rive amino acids) to help regenerate the appearance of the skin; moisture lotions and creams with SPF 15, UVA and UVB sun protection; and L'Oreal's Wrinkle De-Crease Daily Smoothing Serum and Eye Cream which is formulated to treat expression lines around the eyes and crow's feet (Facenda)." Manufacturers are also creating skincare products for men such as Nivea's Revitalizing Lotion Q10. This lotion is "specially formulated for men, features coenzyme Q10, vitamins and SPF 15 and is designed to moisturize and protect skin, while replenishing lost nutrients (Facenda)."
Exercise, Nutrition and Supplements
In the fight to reduce the aging process of the skin, some dermatologists recommend a "modified protein diet which reduces insulin levels, and emphasize reducing or eliminating sugar almost completely because the four pillars of aging include excess blood sugar, insulin, free radicals, and cortisol, which comes from stress (Hilton, 2001)." Supplements such as melatonin, human growth hormone, and hormone replacement therapy should only be taken under the care of a doctor, and exercise and yoga are recommended to lower a person's stress levels (Hilton, 2001).
As the life expectancy of the general population increases, people are searching for ways to grow old gracefully. Researchers are trying to accommodate the public's demands by gaining a better understanding of the body's aging process, and developing new skincare methods.
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Facenda, Vanessa L. Mass merchants face up to higher end skincare: improved formulations and higher quality products are attracting consumers to mass and drug for facial care needs. Retail Merchandiser. (2004): 01 January.
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Hilton, Lisette. Intrinsic-extrinsic aging link: antioxidants applied to skin could prevent cell damage. Dermatology Times. (2002): 01 November.
Hilton, Lisetta. Use multiple weapons to combat aging process. Cosmetic Surgery Times.
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Unknown. Chasing Methuselah. Chicago Tribune. (2004): 02 January.
Unknown. Hot Future for Injectables, Soft Tissue Fillers. U.S. Newswire. (2003): 17 November.
Unknown. SKINCARE CURES: Wrinkle fighter. Dermatology Times. (2002):…