But the dependence on loans and donations is never enough. "The most under funded sectors include those focused on supporting Angola's recovery from decades of civil war, such as: de-mining action; agricultural development; and education. Recent figures indicate that agricultural programs had received a quarter of the U.S. $22 million required, while only U.S. $2.6 million had been donated to cover health projects budgeted at U.S. $28.6 million." (Unknown) The financing of the proposed educational program would cost far less than building new factories as mentioned above. The World Bank would easily be able to help sponsor such an educational program through UNESCO. The borrowing process is well established and as the nation of Angola meets International Monetary Fund recommendations, those loans will support the programs if need be. With that being said, funding an HIV / AIDS program could also be handled internally considering the minimal financial requirements of the educational HIV / AIDS plan. Waiting for the world to pay is not convenient. "The United Nations in Angola commented that there was usually a "big time lag" between the time when contributions were received by United Nations agencies and when they were reported." (Unknown)
The goals of the HIV / AIDS educational programs are basically to reduce health discrepancy between healthy workers who can produce more output and the unhealthy ones. Angola, unlike many of the neighboring states, is in a unique position where they could actually fund these needed educational programs themselves. This internal payment structure would be consistent with country's resources and economic constraints. The best approach for internally funding these proposed HIV / AIDS programs would be thorough export and internal industry taxation. The world is in desperate straights in regard to oil and the number one export of Angola is oil. Taxing the oil industry less than one percent more could easily reduce the need for World Bank distributions significantly. Imposing those same minimal tax requirements on the internal industries such as the mining industry (diamond, iron ore, phosphates, feldspar, bauxite, uranium, and gold); the cement and basic metal products; fish processing; food processing; brewing; tobacco products; sugar; and the textiles industry would easily support the export on oil taxes to fully fund a complete educational program.
Not only would this new tax base support the HIV / AIDS issues of the nation, the additional tax revenues could also help bring new hospitals, clinics and schools to a country that desperately needs to increase its population's educational levels in other topics than simply HIV / AIDS. The nation does not have the rampant illiteracy of some nations but improved educational values could only help the struggling nation. As the educational values increase, the nation could then provide its own healthcare force of doctors and nurses. As the medical industry grew, the nation would benefit from new positive attitudes about the self preservation of its people - mainly there would be less uneducated spread of the HIV virus.
In conclusion, the African nation of Angola is now ready for a positive change in its economic and social development. But, with that comes the need for an effective program for the prevention, care, and treatment of there biggest threat - HIV / AIDS. The current ceasefire between the government and the rebels gives the country's leadership time to address the HIV / AIDS problem. But the process of fighting this deadly disease takes money. This report focused on Angola's possible financial resources and issues related to those resources. The war on HIV / AIDS will take a concerted effort by the Government of Angola, international donors, and the people of Angola themselves. They must all concentrate on new HIV / AIDS prevention, care, and treatment programs as soon as possible before the spread of the disease gets out of control.
Angola. Ed. Central Intelligence Agency. CIA. 24 Apr. 2004 http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ao.html.