Some other things responsible for asthma attacks can be beer, food and even some medications. Some studies also suggest that the genetics of a person can play an important role in the development of asthma (Elward, Graham Douglas, Kurtis, 2010).
The key to living a healthy life with asthma is to try to prevent it and be careful of the things that might trigger it as well as long-term control. There are various kinds of medications available for treating asthma. However, these medications are prescribed by keeping in view the age, asthma triggers and symptoms of the patients. Immunotherapy or allergy shot Amilzumab are given to the people who suffer from allergy induced asthma whereas, some patients show significant improvement by using inhalers (Arshad, 2010).
It doesn't matter what country or neighbourhood you grew up in or how old you are, you can get asthma at any point in time. Wheezing, shortness of breath and coughing are the common signs of asthma which occur when there some foreign body or allergen gets into the airway and as a result the airway gets swollen and mucus is secreted which makes the breathing difficult. Even though this disease doesn't have any cure for it as yet but it can be treat and controlled to a great extent with proper kind of medication and care. This care and preventive attitude would allow the people who suffer from asthma to lead a healthier life much similar to the one that the people with asthma have (Arshad, 2010).
Results of Asthma Studies
In one of the study conducted on children suffering from asthma showed how kids describe living with this disease the problems that they have to go through everyday. Children described their feeling and fears with the help of drawings which helped the researchers understand in a better way the problems that these kids face because of asthma. The study showed that the kids suffering from asthma had the fear of isolation as they felt that they were different from others. They were reluctant about participating in the physical activities and at times the anticipation of participating made them breathless which would either trigger their attack or scare them into believing that were having an attack. The study clearly showed how these children suffer in silence as they aren't able to convey their feelings of being different; therefore, a better understanding of what these kids go through every day is needed (Jaakkola and Knight, 2008).
The feelings of helplessness were described by the children as they felt that they don't have any control over their bodies. According to a theory the body is the basis of human life and that every person has his/her knowledge of the body based on its reactions. This experience of the body with regards to its knowledge and reactions is known as the embodied knowledge. In light of this theory it is very important for the children to develop the knowledge about their bodies so that they can trust the reactions that they experience based on the knowledge that they have of their bodies. This will help them in not only communicating what they are feeling with others but also deal with the problems such as asthma attacks in a better way as they will have a better understanding of their bodies (Jaakkola and Knight, 2008).
Another study showed the reluctance and fear of children towards telling their friends, teachers and other acquaintances about their asthma as they had the fear that they might not be accepted by others or might looked at as being different than the rest. It was also noted from the study that most of the children didn't have know of any friends who suffered from asthma which further showed that children kept this disease a secret. It was also noted that the teachers underestimated the prevalence of asthma as well. The study further showed that the children felt as though their parent, HCPs and teachers didn't really communicate with them about their disease (Brooks et al., 2013).
One of the reasons suggested for this lack of communication was that maybe the teachers and parents don't want to put this kind of burden on the kids. Another reason can be that the teachers, parents and the HCPs might think of asthma as just a medical condition and completely ignore the fact that it can have psychological implications as well. This can result in the kid being ignored psychologically. What the parents and teachers need to understand is that communicating with the child about his disease would actually help him/her in understanding it in a better way which would lead to the kid understanding his/her body/s reactions in a better manner and this increase in body knowledge would help him/her in dealing with the disease in an effective manner and lead a relatively normal, healthy life (Ahluwalia and Matsui, 2011).
It was also noted from a study that many kids suffering from asthma were under medicated as they didn't take their medications properly. One reason noted for this was the fact that since kids hid their disease from their peers they had to take medication secretly and when they didn't get the chance they would just skip their dose. It was also noted that boys were more careless with medication as compared to girls (Murk et al., 2011).
Another study showed that there is lack of knowledge and communication gap at the teachers or HCPs end which affected the intake of regular medication as well as follow-ups by the children. Therefore, it seems that there exists a need for more awareness regarding the disease for teachers, parents as well as the children suffering from asthma and their peers (Murk et al., 2011).
Ahluwalia, SK; Matsui, EC (2011). The indoor environment and its effects on childhood asthma. Current opinion in allergy and clinical immunology 11 (2): 137 -- 43.
Arshad, SH (2010). Does exposure to indoor allergens contribute to the development of asthma and allergy? Current allergy and asthma reports 10 (1): 49 -- 55.
Bornehag, CG; Nanberg, E (2010 Apr). Phthalate exposure and asthma in children. International journal of andrology 33 (2): 333 -- 45.
Brooks, C; Pearce, N; Douwes, J (2013). The hygiene hypothesis in allergy and asthma: an update. Current opinion in allergy and clinical immunology 13 (1): 70 -- 7.
Elward, Graham Douglas, Kurtis S. (2010). Asthma. London: Manson Pub. pp. 27 -- 29.
Halapi, E; Bjornsdottir, U.S. (2009). Overview on the current status of asthma genetics. The clinical respiratory journal 3 (1): 2 -- 7.