The basic idea needs to be reinforced. Those that opposed euthanasia believe that it cheapens the value of life. If euthanasia was a legal option, it would also undermine funding of research into these areas like geriatric care and disease associated with aging like Alzheimer's.
While the above are secular reasons for opposing euthanasia, most religions are also opposed to it. Most of the opposition to euthanasia comes from conservative religious groups, and finds its roots in the belief that life is a gift from God. He has entrusted us with this precious gift and we should not repudiate His trust. It is a simple and straightforward argument, and also a very effective one because, for those who believe it, it's irrefutable. Even unbearable pain or endless suffering would never be a valid excuse to perform euthanasia, because in God's grand scheme of things, suffering and pain have a purpose. Islam is also fiercely opposed to euthanasia. The most obvious of course is one of the Ten Commandments: "Thou Shalt Not Kill." Other instances in the Bible that generally support the sanctity of life can be found in John 5:26; Gen.2:7; Acts 17:24-25,28, Deut. 32:39; I Sam. 2:6; Job 2:6; Ps. 12:4. (Biblegateway.com, 2003) The recurring themes in these biblical passages are associated life and death being in the hands of God.
For a few decades now, Netherlands have had legalized euthanasia. (Betterhhumans.org, 2003) Patients who chose euthanasia died only about one to two weeks earlier than their expected natural death. Supporters of euthanasia aver that these gentle deaths like infectious diseases are unlike painful and complicated deaths like those of cancer and heart attacks. This fact contributes to the need to discuss the gentle death: death became less and less gentle of its own." Euthanasia is called beautiful death or gentle death.
The strongest argument for euthanasia is tolerance, according to supporters. They ask that each person be tolerant of others views with respect to life, illness and dying. It is possible to accept that people have different opinions about the real personal issues of life and death. They believe that recognizing and respecting someone else's choice and decision should extend to how one should end of life. They believe that imbuing the legal system with the right to die with dignity actually signifies advancement. (Humphry, 1991)
In conclusion, this work has given a brief glimpse of Euthanasia. We have recognized the definitions and formal constructs of when and how physician-assisted suicide becomes legitimate. In most hospitals now, in cases of serious accidents or illness, the "DNR" Do Not Resuscitate is a question that resonates among the afflicted and their loved ones. No matter what the legal ramifications -- and each side can make strong arguments. Also, each side is really not likely to be swayed by arguments because these philosophies touch at the core of personal belief systems. In the event that Euthanasia is legalized and all loopholes for abuse closed, the decision to choose to die is deeply personal, too. One often wonders whether a person in pain might consider toughing it out and letting the bodies healing process take course. Someone with a lower threshold of pain might opt to die before all medical procedures have been adopted. On the other hand, someone who could die perhaps two days earlier with a calm expression in pain might hold out to the bitter end, dying with an agonizing expression on his or her face. No matter what the doctors, lawyers, legislators and philosophers -- the final result should come to how each person's intellectual, emotional, physical and moral sides are in synchrony.
Betterhhumans.org. (2003). No Good Arguments against Euthanasia: Report. Betterhumans.org. Retrieved August 20, 2003, from the World Wide Web: http://www.betterhumans.com/Errors/index.aspx?aspxerrorpath=/searchEngineLink.article.2003-02-21-3.aspx
Biblegateway.com. (2003). Bible. Biblegateway.com. Retrieved August 20, 2003, from the World Wide Web: http://www.biblegateway.com/cgi-bin/bible
Griffiths, J., Bood, A., & Weyers, H. (1998). Euthanasia and law in the Netherlands. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
Hare, R. (1971). Personality and Science: an interdisciplinary discussion. Edinburgh: CIBA Foundation.
Humphry, D. (1991). Final exit [sound recording]. Beverly Hills, CA: Dove Audio.
Miles, S.H. (2004). The Hippocratic Oath and the ethics of medicine. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press.
Plato.stanford.edu. (2002). Voluntary Euthanasia. Stanford University. Retrieved August 20, 2003, from the World Wide Web: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/euthanasia-voluntary/
Vonnegut, K. (1999). God bless you, Dr. Kevorkian (A Seven Stories 1st ed.). New York: Seven Stories Press.