Macro Analytical Approaches of Marx

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

Huntingdon gives the main point of his theories in the way that cultures are depicts and foreseen as able to clash. This is something far more fundamental to the human psyche. History tells us many wars are created not by economic necessity or by political idealism, but those that are long running are often tinged with religious or cultural elements that cannot be overcome through negotiation alone.

The hypothesis of the book can be summed up in a single paragraph; " the fundamental source of conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be cultural.... The clash of civilizations will dominate global politics... conflict between civilizations will supplant ideological and other forms of conflict as the dominant global form of conflict." (Huntington, 1993).

Moreover we can ask ourselves Why did these events happen? And why were the places that were attacked so important to the terrorist factions that supported the suicide attackers? And more importantly what causes men to fight against freedom and democratic republics yet harm those who cannot fight back?

There is no simple answer to these questions or rather there is are answer to the questions that can given no simple single reason that any sane man could understand, however the roles of the Bureaucratic machine kept its head and continued through out the problems to bring forth like a phoenix from the ashes a united front against the terrorist.

Moreover, what is this machine that brings so much weight to the political machinations of the world, a machine and its cogs that turn slowly bring about change through out the world for what the incumbents of this giant believe are for the better of the people it manages.

Bureaucracy is a major function of man's self-realization of his system of government, with the form of bureaucracy he is able to gain control over his functionalities and bring into line many forms of systemic thinking (Coser 230).

Weber's theories and conclusions of bureaucracy are coupled with his interests in the nature of power and authority, this is co joined with his views all- encompassing preoccupation with modern theories and trends that link to the rationalizations of man's self-image and views (Coser 230).

These theories led Weber to investigate certain issues of the operative formation of large scale enterprises within the political, administrative, and economic regions (Coser 230).

The coordinative activities of the bureaucratic protocols formed a distinct marking of the modern era. Moreover, Weber argued that bureaucracies are organized according to the rational principles (Coser 230).

Weber ranked the officers of bureaucracy in to several forms of hierarchical orders, placing certain operations within their fields and characterizing them by impersonal codes and rules. Those officers already in office are ruled by the methodical separation of powers that have their own set of jurisdictions with there own spheres of control. (Coser 231).

Those appointed to the wheels of power are done so according to any special qualifications they may hold rather than their prescribed criteria. Therefore it can be seen that the dominant structural feature of modern forms of organization has succumbed to the bureaucratic coordination of the actions of large numbers of people (Coser 231).

Moreover only through the organizational devices that are used on such a large scales such as planning that the modern state and the modern economy have become a reality and not a fantasy, their possibilities were realized and acted upon.

It is only through the thoughts of these bureaucratic organizations that the heads of states that the state can mobilize and centralize its resources for the political aspect of its powers that during the feudal era was spread amongst certain centers.

To Weber, the idea of the bureaucratic organization that the privileged had instrumentality shaped the modern polity, modern economy, and modern technology.

Therefore, bureaucratic types of organization can be classed as technically superior to all other forms of administration, much as machine production is superior to handicraft methods.

Anonymous Weber, capitalism, and the protestant ethic [online] accessed at: http://www.unc.edu/courses/soci50a/ethic.html (2001)

Coser, L Masters of Sociological Thought Thomson Learning (1977)

Huntington S (1993, Summer), Clash of Civilisations, Foreign Affairs, v72, n3, p22(28)

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