For example, some criminal trials in the United States are handled by judges making the final call while most others are jury-determined. In other cases, the defendant can choose which they prefer.
As for levels of economic development exist for each nation, it all comes down to where a country gets its income, how wealthy the nation is (and how much tax revenue is collected) and the infrastructure of that nation. If all three are strong, then the economy will probably do pretty well. If any of the three (or more than one) are lacking, it can cause progress and development to be slower than desired or what would otherwise be possible. Some countries, like the United States, have very diverse economic streams of income including high-tech processing and procedures as well as the service sector in addition to other staples like manufacturing and energy production. However, other countries are limited in what they can offer due to their limited real estate or resources. Nigeria, as one example, is heavily reliant on petroleum exports and Central to South America relies heavily on agriculture in many to most areas.
Changes that take place around the world can vary quite a bit. For example, the United States is currently very reliant on foreign oil but the development of fracking and shale oil in general has changed the landscape quite a bit and the United States could be energy-independent in a generation or so. The existence of countries/regions like southeast Asia and China could mitigate this, but this could have a huge and wide-ranging effect on areas like the Middle East that make much or most of their income from export oil to other countries. Other shifts that can happen are due to shifts in political spectrum power like that of a lot of countries that shift from a Socialist or even Communist regime to a more conservative or even fascist one or vice versa. The absence of a government or turmoil in general, like in Egypt, the Ivory Coast and Somalia, is yet another example.
As for how countries can and are transitioning, that is quite clear as well. As noted before, countries need a good revenue stream, solid infrastructure and a good tax wage base to draw revenue from but developing countries often are behind the curve in terms of their infrastructure, which can inhibit collection and transportation of resources and finished goods, and they can also have depressed tax bases and/or situations where people actively avoid paying taxes. The latter is rampant in Pakistan, where less than one percent of ALL people in the country pay any taxes whatsoever (Tran, 2013).
There are a few truisms that should be held to be correct. First, it would be arrogant to suggest that any single government system works best. Second, barring a very good reason, the will of the people should be honored. Third, ruling through force and intolerance for religious or political reasons is never a good thing. People of differing ideas and perspectives should be allowed to co-exist and have their say but also allowed to go home in peace at the end of the day.
Hill, C.W. (2013). International business: competing in the global marketplace (9 ed.).
New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin.
Tran, M. (2013, April 3). Pakistan needs to recoup more in taxes before any aid boost, say MP's | Global development | theguardian.com . Latest news, world news, sport and comment from the Guardian | theguardian.com | The Guardian .
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