Prime Minister in Japan Has

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a multi-party coalition assumed control an diet was led by Morihiro Hosokawa.LDP returned to power in June 1994 n a coalition that was unpresidented.LDP then reclaimed the prime ministers seat as Ryutaro Hashimoto replaced his JSP coalition partner, Tomiivhi Murayama was not able to stimulate the economy of the country Hashimoto resigned after his party showed in the upper house elections in 1998.LDP then controlled 101 seats in the upper house and 263 seats in the lower house (The Washington Post Company,1998).

Democratic Party is another political party in Japan .it was founded in 1996 by members of the social democratic party and Shin-to Sakigake. This became the largest opposition group in the diet, japans bicameral legislature after the dissolution of the New Frontier party. In 1998 the party picked more members when they merged with three smaller parties++.its then leader Naoto Kan led them to a big win in the 1998 upper house elections.kan was the most popular politician at that time and led the fight to pull out of office LDP's then prime minister Hashimoto. The views of the party progressive and centralistic that seek open markets, great deregulation and great tax cuts. This party now controls 47 seats in the upper house and 92 in the lower house (The Washington Post Company, 1998).

Social democratic party Is the main opposition party in Japan for decades now. Socialists took advantage of the way voters were dissatisfied with the liberal Democratic Party in early 1990 and formed part of the coalition government. The coalition was dissolved and the party entered into what was the most unexpected coalition with its arch rival LDP to stay in power. The socialist led government by prime minster Tomichii lasted 1994-1996 when LDP reclaimed the majority control in the coalition this party has traditionally relied on unions for its support has its popularity wane over the past few years. It now controls 13 seats in the upper house and 15 in the lower house.

The liberal party is a splinter party that came into existence after the breakup of the New Frontier party in 1997 that was led by the outspoken Ichiro Ozawa, this party took over the basic philosophies and policies.ozawa has been a proponent of real reforms for quite sometime now and has had an espousing the need for Japan to become a nation with regulations from the government and more participation in international affairs. This party now controls 12 seats in the upper house and 40 seats in the lower house.

The communist party is one of the oldest parties in Japan it was founded around 1922 as a group that was underground. This party has faced marginalization in eth politics of Japan for some time. It has taken unpopular stances on issues like opposition of U.S. Japan security alliance. This party was a chief beneficiary in of the vote of the upper house. Analysts argue that the reason was not so much since the Japanese are in favor for the communist style of governance but since the communist only represents the one party that is seemed to be organized and thoughtful about its policies. This party now controls 12 seats in the upper house and 26 seats in the lower house.

Heiwa Kaikaku was formed fro the breaking up of the New Frontier Party. Most of the members are from Komei to clean government party. They get their support from the enigmatic but huge religious group .the party tends to be centrist and generally independent continuing to enjoy the support of soka-gakkai that has members who are over 15 million. It controls 47 seats in the lower house. This party is sister to Komei that was formed as a political arm of the Soka-Gakkai a large religious organization. It controls 22 seats in the lower house (The Washington Post Company, 1998).

Sakigake was formed in 1993 by 10 parties that broke away from the lower house members. In the same year it joined the coalition government and was led by Monihiro Hosokawas New party that replaced LDP in the new government (The Washington Post Company, 1998).

References

The Washington Post Company. (1998). Major Political Parties in Japan. Retrieved December 10, 2012 from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/inatl/longterm/japan/japanparties.htm

Thomson Reuters. (2012). A look at the parties contesting Japan's Dec 16 election. Retrieved December 10, 2012 from http://www.japantoday.com/category/politics/view/the-parties-contesting-japans-dec-16-election

Jain, P. (2012.) .EastAsiaForum.'Third force' parties crowd Japan's political scene. Retrieved December 10, 2012 from http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/12/06/third-force-parties-crowd-japans-national-political-scene/

World press. (2010).Short-living Japanese prime ministers. Retrieved December 10, 2012 from http://musasabi2010.wordpress.com/2010/12/21/shot-living-japanese-prime-ministers/

Ryall, J. (2011). The Telegraph. Japanese prime ministers do not tend to stick around for long .Retrieved December 10, 2012 from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/japan/8551931/Japanese-prime-ministers-do-not-tend-to-stick-around-for-long.html

World press.(2011). Six Prime Ministers in 5 years -- why Japanese Prime Ministers are so short-lived. Retrieved December 10, 2012 from http://infocus.asiaportal.info/2011/09/06/six-prime-ministers-in-5-years-why-japanese-prime-ministers-are-so-short-lived/

Hino, A.(2011).Daily Yomiuri online. Why do Prime Ministers Change before Upper House Elections? Retrieved December 10, 2012 from http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/adv/wol/dy/opinion/gover-eco_100705.htm