Black people were not allowed to start businesses without the permission of the state. They were pushed back to the rural areas. The racial discriminatory actions by the white people disallowed black people from earning a proper living and hindered gravely in the development of the black people in South Africa. The children of the black people did not have access to quality education that was commonly taught in schools in areas where white people resided. Such segregation of quality of education impacted negatively on the development of black children and did not allow them to progress in any field for many years, pushing them backwards and increasing the illiteracy rate to a high amongst the black people of South Africa. Moreover, black people were not allowed to conduct businesses properly. This put economic pressures on the black people as they were unable to earn enough to sustain their families.
They were also barred to receive basic necessities of the society. Hospitals and transport systems were segregated between the two races. With fewer numbers of white people than black people residing in South Africa, white people were provided with excess amounts of high quality healthcare and transportation facilities, while black people had been receiving low quality facilities. All types of public facilities such as market places, cinemas, beaches, even churches and graveyards were victimized by segregation. The country of South Africa developed a society where the white people were considered to be privileged members of the society while people of other races were declared as inferior human beings.
The rulers and the people in the government of South Africa comprised of only the white skin colored people. The black people were not allowed to be part of the governmental setup. The black people were overlooked for good job positions and were left to take up jobs that were way less rewarding to them for their skills and efforts. Moreover, the quality of life for the black people had fallen immensely as they were deprived from their basic national rights and were treated as second class citizens.
Such conditions were created only to explain the black people that they were not equal to the people in the white skins and that they were rightfully robbed off from their human rights and justice. This had immense impact on the field of social work in and outside South Africa that aimed to support the black people. Many international institutions and nations showed support for the black people of South Africa by cutting their relations with the government and placing sanctions on the South African government.
Implications for Social Work
It was no mystery to the people around the globe that the government of South Africa had been mistreating its black citizens by discriminating and segregating based on their skin colors. This made it possible for many organizations to launch programs that focused on aiding the black people of South Africa in getting back their equality rights in the society. Many organizations became active to support the cause of the black people in South Africa in times of the Apartheid. The programs introduced by the United Nations aided hugely with efforts of improving the living standards of the black people.
Segregation had caused education for the black people to fall in quality. Social institutions and charitable organizations put in great efforts to restore the balance by aiming to provide black people, especially in rural areas, with quality education after the Apartheid era. Moreover, funds were raised to assist the poor black people of South Africa to gain higher quality education in universities by means of improved infrastructure facilities and educational curriculum. In terms of employment, efforts were put in to restore the equality in the job sector so that black people could also avail the benefits of opportunities that could lead them to a better and prosperous future. Efforts were put in by social workers to lift the ban on black people to live in the urban areas, especially the ones belonging to white people. Such efforts marked a minor revival of development for the black people as they began to move towards the cities and started to find jobs that were more rewarding for their efforts than during the continued years of Apartheid in South Africa. Social works also worked towards a more justified system towards the black people. This allowed the black people to be treated in a just manner and provided equal rights to them as the white people.
Like every other negative aspect of the society, racial discrimination has existed for ages. Such a vice hugely undermines the people of dark colored skin in contrast to the white people. Although since the beginning of the 20th century, the minds of people became more liberal around the globe and accepted the difference of skin color as just a minor factor, societies in several countries such as the South Africa refused to acknowledge the notion of equality amongst all human beings and continued to oppress black people by classifying them as second class citizens. Although this hugely hurt the psychology and the perception of the black people, they did not stop to claim their rights from the government that introduced Apartheid. With the assistance of international social organizations and internal resistance forces, the black people managed to defeat the vice of racial discrimination in the society and upheld the idea that all humans were born equal and would die equal. This set an example in the modern society that through valiant efforts and support, such problems of the society can be effectively tackled to cleanse the systems from disregarding the rights of the people of any race, skin color, language or locality.
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