Social Responsibilities in a Correctional Facility
What is Social Responsibility and how should a Correctional Facility (Jail) organization respond to its social responsibilities?
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) refers to operating a business in a manner that accounts for the social and environmental impact that is created by the business. CSR refers to a commitment to developing policies that put together responsible practices into daily business operations, and to reporting on progress made toward executing these said practices. Common CSR policies include:
Implementation of internal controls of reform in regards to accounting procedures
Commitment to diversity in hiring employees and barring prejudice
Management teams that view employees as assets rather than just as costs
High performance workplaces that incorporate the views of line employees into decision-making processes
Adoption of operating policies that exceed observance with social and environmental laws
Advanced resource productivity, focused on the use of natural resources in a more productive, efficient and profitable fashion such as recycled content and product recycling
Taking responsibility for conditions under which goods are produced directly or by contract employees domestically or abroad (Corporate Social Responsibility, 2010).
With regard to corporate social responsibility, there are different definitions. Corporate social responsibility is often thought of as a pyramid-shaped structure, at the tower base is the economic responsibility of enterprises, in the middle followed by a legal responsibility, ethical responsibility, at the top of the tower is the conscious responsibility. Enterprise four kinds of responsibility are not mutually contradictory, arrangement is not disordered, and this order represents the order of development of social responsibility. Because a correctional facility is different from the general non-profit organization, but as a carrier of the enforcement of sentences, whose function is to provide labor for criminal's workplace and labor positions, has a strong legal mandatory. At the same time, as a special type of organizational form, prison enterprises have a certain degree of economic responsibility. Therefore, in the context of prison reform, prison architecture is based on corporate social responsibility, legal responsibility as the core, the economic responsibility for the auxiliary concentric circles. It should be innovative concept of corporate social responsibility in prisons, improve work performance and the interests of a combination of criminal offender rehabilitation of offender's incentives (Wang, n.d.).
Correctional institutions as social reintegration institutions have a responsibility to deliver service to two parties: prisoners and the public. The form of service given to prisoners is treatment and rehabilitation, which aim to ensure that prisoners can lead independent and law-abiding lives after release. For the public, the service given by correctional institutions is to offer protection and security from wrongdoers. Public protection should be guaranteed not only during an offender's period of incarceration but also after he or she is released and returned to society. It is important to develop comprehensive treatment programs and activities, which not only address offenders' morality, but also their cognitive, physical, and skills abilities. The final purpose of treatment programs shall be to change the behavior and cognitive patterns of prisoners so they will harm neither the public nor themselves (Hidayati, n.d.).
Explain how a correctional facility (Jail) should go about building an organization capable of good strategy execution.
Sheriffs and jail administrators struggle each day to promote public safety in the face of escalating inmate1 populations, expanding responsibilities, and overwhelming obstacles. The 766,010 inmates who were, on average, in jail on any given day in 2006 reflects an increase of 2.5% over the previous year. Additionally, the 3,365 jails in this country are responsible not only for millions of new arrestees who cycle into and out of their facilities each year, but also for the management of pre-trial detainees, short-term sentenced offenders, community supervision programs such as pre-trial release and electronic monitoring, drug and alcohol diversion programs, work release, and other intermediate sanctions. The problems that are encountered by U.S. jails continue to increase as a result…