Waking Up One Morning and


Amazingly, the family adjusts to life without Gregor quite well. As the story continues, Grete quits cleaning his room as she had been before. His father returns to working, and no longer seems as frail as he did when Gregor was the only one working. It is this newfound agility of his father's that allows him to chase Gregor down and pelt him with apples as if he is an animal. Which, technically, he isn't -- he is a bug. But after this incident, Gregor's father seems to realize that despite the metamorphosis, Gregor is still a member of the family, so no more incidents occur with fruit being thrown. Gregor continues to be confined to one room, where he listens in on the daily routine of his family that used to involve him. His sister has taken a job, and the existence of Gregor is nearly forgotten, except for his food. His family begins to become, in his eyes, what the "world demands of poor people" and they live in "complete hopelessnessthat they have been singled out for a misfortune" that no one else had to endure. Instead of protecting them, he is just angry because they ignore him, as if he doesn't even exist. As the family takes in boarders, his room is filled with belongings to make more room. It is as if they are trying to squash him, without doing the deed themselves.

The breaking point comes when Gregor forgets, or ignores momentarily that he is a bug and walks out into the main room to hear his sister play her violin. He has not heard her play it with such passion in some time, and he is so moved that he makes his way through the dust, leftover food particles and trash to join the family and its three boarders. It is perhaps due to his lack of nourishment that he feels this plan of his to become a silent observer might work, but it ends disastrously with the boarders leaving and Gregor's family denouncing that the bug is even Gregor. Grete, his beloved sister, has decided that Gregor (though she refers to him as "it") has become too much for anyone to bear, and that he will surely "be the death of both of you." Gregor returns to his room, is bolted in, and dies. While he is dying, however, he loses his anger that he had toward his family and thinks of them with only love, and tenderness. He agrees in his mind with his sister that he needs to be gone, and so he gives up his own life and is dead. This final act is clearly what Gregor had wanted to do all along -- he wanted to disappear from his family, but know that they would be safe and taken care of. It becomes clear to him that they don't need him, so he is finally set free.

Frank Kafka's work, "Metamorphosis" is an odd tale of how Gregor Samsa's body is transformed into a bug overnight and about the three months of life that follow his change. His bug form not only represents his repressed feelings of loneliness, resentment and anger towards the burden his family has put on him, but his eventual escape from these responsibilities represents his desires all along to disappear from theā€¦